Against whom is China preparing for war, should India be cautious? – न्यूज़लीड India

Against whom is China preparing for war, should India be cautious?


India

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By BBC News Hindi

Updated: Friday, November 11, 2022, 16:42 [IST]

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Rajnath Singh

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Rajnath Singh

“India is a peace loving country which never tried to hurt any country, but if any attempt is made to disturb the peace and tranquility of the country, it will be given a befitting reply.”

The country’s Defense Minister Rajnath Singh said these things while addressing the Military Commanders’ Conference in Delhi.

In this conference, which lasted from November 7-11, on Wednesday, the Defense Minister said that the borders are being closely monitored and the country is ready to meet all the challenges.

There is a lot of discussion about this statement of Rajnath Singh in the Indian media. In particular, it is being linked to the statement made by Chinese President Xi Jinping, which he gave on November 8 at the Joint Operations Command Headquarters of the CMC (Central Military Commission).

Xi Jinping

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Xi Jinping

call for war

After being elected for the third time as the President of China, Xi Jinping arrived on Tuesday to oversee the Joint Operations Command Headquarters of the country’s Central Military Commission.

Addressing military personnel here, Jinping said that China’s national security is facing increasing instability and uncertainty, according to state-run Xinhua news agency. In such a situation, we should be ready to fight and win the war.

During this, Jinping has called on the Chinese Army (People’s Liberation Army) to “increas military training and preparedness for war”.

But against whom is China preparing for war and does India need to be vigilant? Defense Minister Rajnath Singh has tried to give a counter-message to China with his statement or is it just a coincidence.

The statements of both the leaders should not be seen together.

In response to this question, Professor of Chinese Studies at JNU, Alka Acharya says, “After the Galwan violence of 2020, India needs to be alert, but every time Chinese leaders or President Xi talks or addresses his army. If we do, then there is no need to react or assume that it has been said keeping us in mind. It is natural for any leader to talk to his army or to increase enthusiasm.

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china army

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china army

“All the countries of the world are currently facing security challenges, so it is common to motivate the army to be ready, whether you look at it from China’s perspective or India’s.”

Professor Alka Acharya does not believe that the statement of Defense Minister Rajnath Singh and the President of China should be linked.

She says that after taking over the reins of the country for the third time, Jinping is only meeting people from every department, addressing them and trying to present her strong image and leadership to the world.

India needs to be alert

Praveen Sahni, the author of the recently published book ‘The Last War’ on the India-China conflict, also believes that the statements of the two leaders should not be seen together.

While he describes the statement of Defense Minister Rajnath Singh as part of the election gimmick, the statement of Chinese President Xi Jinping is very important.

Praveen Sawhney says that Jinping’s statement should not be seen as a simple statement.

He says, “We need to understand that Jinping made this statement at the Joint Operation Center. On this occasion he was wearing an army uniform and his emphasis was that by 2027, the PLA should become a world class army. should.”

Apart from this, he has also emphasized on unification and regional war. Therefore, India needs to be alert because the Chinese President is reiterating that his army is ready for war as well as being strong from every necessary platform. “

Although there are many countries other than India with which China’s relations are tense, in such a situation, are clouds of worry hovering over them too?

In response to this question, Sahni says that “whenever China talks about reunification, especially Tibet and Taiwan are its targets, but at the same time the possibility cannot be ignored that other countries also need to be cautious.” need.

read this also, Why is China so aggressive about Galvan?

Image of Taiwanese soldier

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Image of Taiwanese soldier

Apart from India, China’s strained relations with these countries

There are a total of 17 neighboring countries with which China has some or the other territorial dispute. Apart from India, these include Taiwan, Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, Singapore, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Malaysia, Brunei, Laos, Mongolia and Tibet.

While China has land disputes with India, Nepal, Bhutan, Laos, Mongolia, Myanmar and Tibet, maritime (South China Sea) with other countries.

There are about 250 small and large islands in the South China Sea. This area is between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean and is surrounded by China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei and the Philippines.

China calls this area its own and under a very ambitious project, it is building an artificial island here. On the other hand, usually all other countries call some part of it as their own.

China’s relations with the US and Western countries have also soured between US Congressional Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan and the Russo-Ukraine war.

Both America and Britain have told China a big threat.

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How is India-China relations?

Recently, Chinese President Xi Jinping sent a condolence message to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Indian President Draupadi Murmu after the suspension bridge collapsed in Morbi, Gujarat.

But during the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, when Chinese President Xi Jinping was elected the leader of the party for the third term, leaders from all over the world except Prime Minister Narendra Modi congratulated him.

In the SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization) meeting held in Samarkand in September, PM Modi and Xi Jinping were face-to-face for the first time since the Galwan conflict, there were speculations that there could be talks between the two, but both the leaders The eyes didn’t even meet.

In October, a resolution for debate on the issue related to human rights violations was brought in Xinjiang province of China, but India decided not to go against China on this issue.

Even during Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan, India did not oppose China’s stand. There was no response from India in this matter, but in the opening ceremony of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation in Pakistan in March last, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi raised the issue of Kashmir.

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India China relations

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India China relations

‘India-China relations in the toughest phase’

During the Munich Security Conference in February 2022, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar had said that India and China’s relations are going through the most difficult phase after China’s violation of border agreements.

Although the armies of both countries agreed to withdraw from the Jiannan Daban (Gogra Hotspring) after the 16th round of talks between the commanders of the two countries in early September, the standoff did not end completely.

Commenting on the relationship between the two countries at present, Praveen Sahni says, “There is no sign of the relationship getting better right now because India has repeatedly made it clear that until China normalizes the border, the relations will not improve. can’t be right.

While China says that border disputes have become normal now and this is only one issue, we should talk about other issues. This is the reason why the Prime Minister ignored the Chinese President in the SCO meeting.”

At the same time, Professor Alka Acharya believes that India-China relations are still at a standstill from where no movement is taking place.

Relations between India and China have remained strained since the first Doklam dispute and then the violent skirmish between the soldiers of the two countries in the Galvan Valley.

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