Who is responsible for starting the fight?
Both sides blamed each other for the fighting and in a statement, Armenia’s Defense Ministry said that Azerbaijan at 00:05 on Tuesday (20:05 GMT) directed the Armenian military towards the cities of Goris, Sok and Jermuk. “Heavy shelling” against the targets began. Azerbaijani troops use “artillery and large-caliber firearms” along with drones. “The Armed Forces of Armenia launched a retaliatory response,” the statement said. But Azerbaijan’s defense ministry has accused Armenia of carrying out “large-scale subversive acts” near the border regions of Dakshasan, Kelbazar and Lachin districts, saying its forces suffered heavy casualties in the attack. However, the exact number of soldiers killed on the Azerbaijan side has not been given.
America expressed concern
At the same time, the US said that it is deeply concerned about the reports of the attacks. US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said on Monday that, “as we have long made clear, there can be no military solution to the conflict.” He added that “we urge an immediate end to any military hostilities.” Since the battle fought in the year 2020, there have been constant reports of fighting on the Armenia-Azerbaijan border. Last week, Armenia accused Azerbaijan of killing one of its soldiers in a border attack. Last month in August, Azerbaijan said it had lost one soldier, and the Karabakh army said two of its soldiers were killed and more than a dozen wounded. The neighbors have fought two wars over an Armenian-populated enclave in the Nagorno-Karabakh region, Azerbaijan.
Why is there a dispute between the two countries?
The conflict between the two countries first began in the late 1980s, when both sides were under Soviet rule and Armenian forces occupied the area near Nagorno-Karabakh. The region has long been recognized internationally as the territory of Azerbaijan, but the region is home to a large number of Armenians. So far more than 30 thousand civilians have been killed due to the ongoing conflict in this area. Azerbaijan in the 2020 fighting recaptured areas that had been decimated by a Russian intervention and then returned to their homes by thousands of residents who had to flee the war. In the year 2020, more than 6,500 people lost their lives in the six-week war. The leaders of the two countries have met several times to reach a treaty aimed at establishing lasting peace, but so far no result has been reached.
Controversy doesn’t end even with talks
During EU-mediated talks in Brussels in April–May, Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev and Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan agreed to “advance discussions” on a future peace treaty. According to the Armenian government, Prime Minister Pashinyan held separate phone calls on Tuesday with Russian President Vladimir Putin and French President Emmanuel Macron over the latest conflicts. The Armenian government said the prime minister condemned the “provocative, aggressive actions” of the Azerbaijani armed forces and called for an “adequate response from the international community”.
Muslim countries with Azerbaijan
Armenia and Azerbaijan were once part of the former Soviet Union, both countries became independent after the breakup of the Soviet Union. Armenia is a Christian-majority country, while Azerbaijan is a Muslim-majority country. Along with this, many Muslims of Turkish origin live in Azerbaijan. In such a situation, Azerbaijan gets the support of Muslim countries. At the same time, claims have been made in some media reports, that Pakistani soldiers have been allegedly helping Azerbaijan soldiers. At the same time, Armenian officials have alleged several times that Turkey has used drones and F-16 fighter jets in the Azerbaijan attack.