FIFA World Cup 2022: These days the excitement of the FIFA World Cup is in full swing in the world. There is an atmosphere of celebration everywhere regarding this football tournament being held in Qatar. Thousands of fans from all over the world are also continuously reaching Qatar to participate in this event.
The organizers estimate that more than 1.8 million people can come to see this tournament. According to Forbes magazine, Qatar has spent a huge amount of US $ 220 billion (about Rs 18000 billion) in the preparation of this event. While Qatar’s finance minister says that US$500 million was spent on major projects every week.
How much money has already been spent on hosting FIFA?
Russia hosted the 2018 FIFA World Cup. In which more than 94 thousand crore rupees were spent. Earlier in 2014, Brazil was the host country of the FIFA World Cup and in this event, Brazil spent around Rs 1 lakh crore. In 2010, South Africa hosted it and spent more than 29 thousand crore rupees. In 2006, Germany spent Rs 35,000 crore on the event.
In 2002 it was organized in South Korea and Japan. Both the countries together spent Rs 57,000 crore. France was the host country in 1998 and spent Rs 18.7 thousand crore. In 1994, America had spent Rs 407 crore in this event.
Qatar was preparing for the World Cup for 12 years
Qatar has prepared 7 new stadiums for the FIFA WORLD CUP and has prepared an old stadium according to the World Cup. All these have a total seating capacity of 385,416 (three lakh 85 thousand) spectators – Lusail Stadium (capacity – 80,000), Al Bait Stadium (capacity – 60,000), Stadium 974 (capacity – 40,000), Khalifa International Stadium (capacity – 45,416), Education City Stadium (capacity – 40,000), Al Thumama Stadium (capacity – 40,000), Al Janub Stadium (capacity – 40,000) and Ahmed Bin Ali Stadium (capacity – 40,000). Qatar has spent 6.5 to 10 billion US dollars to build all these stadiums.
Stadium 974 stands out among all of them as it is built from 974 shipping containers. Hence it is also named Stadium 974. Qatar has also purchased advanced air conditioning cooling systems to cool all the stadiums. Along with this, the grass planted in the stadium ground has been imported from America.
Apart from these stadiums, more than 100 hotels are ready for the stay of players and fans, which are equipped with all modern facilities. Most interesting is a cruise ship off the coast of Doha that has been converted into a five-star hotel. It has 21 floors with a total of 33 bars and 13 dining venues including cafes. Apart from this, 14 swimming pools are present inside it. The cruise has a capacity to accommodate around 7000 people and will be based on Doha Beach during the World Cup. It’s like a floating hotel.
Hamad International Airport
Qatar has opened a new airport for fans from all over the world to come to Qatar. Its name is Hamad International Airport which has now become the main airport of Qatar. It has replaced Doha International Airport in Doha. With an annual capacity of 58 million passengers, this airport has been ranked as the best airport in the world by the Skytrax World Airport Awards.
For security, Qatar has signed a contract to buy 24 fighter jets, 9 state-of-the-art Hawk MK-167 training jets from Europe’s largest security company in 2017 for 65 thousand crore rupees. Apart from this, special security technology of its 2012 Olympics has also been sought from Britain. Qatar’s National Security Center will monitor the country through drones, CCTV and sensors.
Allegations on Qatar – Workers were not given money for their work
Even after shedding so much money, Qatar has been facing many allegations of human rights abuses. There are reports according to which laborers engaged in construction work were not paid or paid less. Not only this, the laborers were forced to work beyond the stipulated time and were not paid for that extra time as well.
It is alleged that many laborers died during the construction works, but Qatar did not take any care of them. After the death of the workers, according to the law of Qatar, their families were to be compensated, but there are allegations of scams in that too.
According to the Guardian newspaper in February 2021, 6,500 migrant workers from India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka have died in Qatar since Qatar won the bid for the World Cup. Labor rights group Fairsquare says many of those killed were working on World Cup infrastructure projects.
A 2021 report by human rights organization Amnesty International says that exploitation of people working in Qatar is systematic. Because the people who go to work there are at the mercy of their bosses. People cannot change jobs without the permission of their employers and the process is very complicated.
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Story first published: Wednesday, November 23, 2022, 16:32 [IST]