India’s 73rd Republic Day will be celebrated on 26 January 2023. Like every year, this year also a special parade will be organized. But the first Republic Day celebration was remarkable for the countrymen.
First Republic Day of India: The Constitution of India was prepared on 26 November 1949, which was signed by all 308 members of the Constituent Assembly on 24 January 1950. Two days later, on 26 January, India adopted this constitution, after which India was recognized as an independent republic. That’s why 26 January is celebrated as Republic Day every year. The Constitution of India came into force on this day, due to which this day is special for all of us Indians. Significantly, the Constitution of India is the largest written constitution in the world.
This year we will be celebrating the 73rd Republic Day with parades and tableaux by security forces, various states and government departments along the route between Rashtrapati Bhavan and India Gate in Delhi, formerly known as Rajpath and now as Kushtipath. Almost every year, a foreign head of state or a prominent person is called as a special guest on this occasion.
India became a republic
On 26 January 1950, at 10.18 am, the then Governor General of India C. Rajagopalachari declared India a ‘Sovereign Democratic Republic’. In his address, C. Rajagopalachari said, “It is hereby declared that as from this twenty-sixth day of January, 1950, India, that is Bharat, shall be a Sovereign Democratic Republic, and that the Union and its constituent units, the States, shall exercise all the powers of Government.” and shall exercise and administer the functions in accordance with the provisions of the said Constitution.”
After 6 minutes, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of the country and Harilal Kania, the first Chief Justice of the country, took oath in the Durbar Hall of Rashtrapati Bhavan. After the swearing-in of the President, the Governor General’s flag is lowered and the President’s flag is hoisted on the President’s House. This was followed by the national anthem with a 31-gun salute, declaring the country to be a republic.
A little later, at 10.38 am, in the presence of President Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, and Chief Justice Harilal Kania, the country’s first cabinet and speaker as well as all judges of the Supreme Court, the Auditor General of India were sworn in. The ceremony was held. After the swearing-in of the first cabinet, the President announced three gallantry awards for the Armed Forces, the Param Vir Chakra, the Maha Vir Chakra and the Vir Chakra, which are given to gallant soldiers who have made outstanding contributions to the Armed Forces.
first republic day celebration
The President of India reached the Irwin Stadium (now Major Dhyan Chand Stadium) on the afternoon of 26 January 1950 and received President Sukarno of Indonesia, the special guest of India’s first Republic Day. The Presidents of both countries accepted the greetings of thousands of people present in the stadium by sitting in a 6 horse carriage. Immediately after this, on the first Republic Day of the country, Dr. Rajendra Prasad hoisted the tricolor flag. The organizer of this entire ceremony was Baldev Singh, the first Defense Minister of the country. This first Republic Day parade was organized at Irwin Stadium itself, in which about 15,000 common citizens were present as spectators.
After unfurling the flag, the President announced the country’s first Gallantry Awards. Major Somnath Sharma (posthumously) and Lance Naik Karam Singh (posthumously) were awarded the Param Vir Chakra, the country’s first highest gallantry award. Both these heroes were honored for showing courage in the first war with Pakistan in 1948. After the award ceremony, the first ceremonial parade was held to greet the President of the country and tableaux were taken out.
Highlights of the first Republic Day parade
Republic Day Parade will be very special this time, Made in India will be visible. Oneindia Hindi
The main attraction of the first Republic Day parade was the parade contingent of the Border Security Force (BSF), which included a contingent of camels. The Indian Army at that time included a contingent of camels. On the evening of 26 January 1950, President Dr. Rajendra Prasad hosted a banquet in honor of the new Republic Day and the last Governor General Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, which was attended by distinguished guests of the country including the Prime Minister. In this way the first Republic Day of India was celebrated and the country got its constitution.
Also read: Republic Day Parade 2023: Learn how the tableaux are selected for the Republic Day parade
republic day 2023 know how was First Republic Day of India celebrated
Story first published: Tuesday, January 24, 2023, 18:10 [IST]