Forest Cover: How many forests are left amid indiscriminate harvesting, what is the importance of forests in the environment? – न्यूज़लीड India

Forest Cover: How many forests are left amid indiscriminate harvesting, what is the importance of forests in the environment?


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oi-Sudama Bhardwaj

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Published: Monday, November 21, 2022, 19:09 [IST]

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Forest conservation has been re-emphasized in the recently held International Environment Conference CoP 27. Trees are very important to us. In Hindu scriptures, they have been given the noun of gods. We have been worshiping trees for centuries. It nurtures us and is an essential part of our life. Without trees, humans cannot survive for long.

Forest Cover: How many forests are left amid indiscriminate harvesting, what is importance of forests in environment

Knowing that trees are very useful for us, humans are cutting them indiscriminately for their selfishness. We are sacrificing them for the needs of our homes, farms and construction of goods. The faster we are cutting them, the faster we are cutting our roots.

Due to the erosion of trees, a terrible situation has arisen today. The amount of pollution in the atmosphere is increasing. Due to the increase in the amount of harmful gases in the atmosphere, the temperature of the earth is continuously increasing. The ice is also continuously melting for this reason, due to which the water level in the sea is rising high. This is an alarm bell for the coastal areas.

forest area in the world
The area of ​​the earth is 510 million square km. About two-thirds of which (71 percent i.e. 36.1 million square km) is water and one-third (29 percent i.e. 14.9 million square km) is land area. CIA According to the World Fact Book 2021, the area of ​​forests in the world is 39 million square kilometers, which is 26.17 percent of the land area of ​​the earth and 7.64 percent of the total area.

The largest forest area in the world is in Russia (81,49,300 sq km). Which is 49.40 percent of the territory of Russia.
In this sequence, India is at the tenth place (8,09,537 sq km). The forest area is only 1.9 percent of the total land in Pakistan. Pakistan lost 42,000 hectares of forest per year between 1990 and 2010.

Forest area of ​​India
According to the data released by the 2021 World Fact Book, India’s forest area (8,09,537 sq. km) is 24.62 percent of the total land area (3,287,263 sq. km), which is 2261 sq. km more than the year 2019, that is, only 0.28 percent in 2 years. increased by.
The share of Indian forest area in the world forest area is 2.07 per cent.
Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest area (77,493 sq km) in terms of area in India.
On the other hand, Haryana has the least forest area (1588 sq km).
Mizoram (84.53 percent) ranks first in total geographical forest area percentage. It is followed by Arunachal Pradesh (79.33 percent), Meghalaya (76.00 percent), Manipur (74.34 percent) and Nagaland (73.90 percent).
The maximum increase in India’s forest area between 2019-2021 was in Andhra Pradesh (647 sq km).
world’s biggest/dangerous forest
Amazon Rainforest: The Amazon rainforest of South America is the largest forest area in the world, spread over 5.5 million km. This forest itself produces 20 percent of the total oxygen. This forest is spread over a total of 9 countries.
Congo Rainforest: This forest is the second largest forest in the world, which is in Africa. Most of which is spread in the country of Congo as well as in 6 countries. Its area is more than 23 lakh square km.
Valdivian Temperate Rainforest: The third largest forest in the world, the Valdivian Temperate Rainforest extends over 2,48,100 km (Chile and Argentina).
Daintree Forest: This forest of Australia is the most dangerous forest in the world.

Releasing the Forest Survey Report 2021, the Union Environment Minister, Government of India, Mr. Bhupendra Yadav had said that the government’s focus is not only on preserving forests quantitatively (numerically), but also on enriching them qualitatively. In the same report, it was told that the total carbon stock in India’s forests is 7,204 million tonnes, which is 79.4 million tonnes more than the carbon stock of the year 2019. The annual increase in carbon stock has been recorded at 39.7 million tonnes, which is certainly encouraging.

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The three most important needs of life (food, clothing and shelter) are not possible without forests. And most importantly providing purity to the environment, which no one can imagine without trees. For some years, an increase in the area of ​​forests has been recorded due to public awareness by environmental organizations and environmentalists of many countries. Which needs to be given more speed in time. Only then will life survive on earth.

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english summary

How many forests left amid indiscriminate harvesting, what is importance of forests in environment

Story first published: Monday, November 21, 2022, 19:09 [IST]

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