Gyanvapi Case: New twist in Gyanvapi case, what is the history of this controversy? – न्यूज़लीड India

Gyanvapi Case: New twist in Gyanvapi case, what is the history of this controversy?


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oi-Shiv Kumar Singh

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Updated: Friday, November 18, 2022, 22:50 [IST]

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On November 17, the fast track court of Varanasi rejected the Muslim side’s plea to ban the entry of Muslims into the Gyanvapi premises and to allow worship of the Shivling found in the mosque’s wajukhana as hearable. The court will now hear the matter next on December 2.

Gyanvapi Masjid

The lawyers for the Hindu side had argued that under the Right to Property, the deity has a fundamental right to get his property. While the Muslim side said that the matter comes under the Places of Worship Act 1991. That’s why it should not be heard. On this, the court rejected the objection of the Muslim side saying that the Place of Worship Act 1991 does not apply in this case and this petition is hearable.

Earlier, the court had fixed October 27 for the order after the arguments of both sides were completed on October 15, but after several dates, the court issued the order on November 17.

It may be noted that in the month of May, on the orders of the Civil Judge Senior Division court, in the videography survey of Gyanvapi Shringar Gauri Complex, a figure was made public by eating the face of Gyanvapi Masjid. The Hindu side claims that it is a Shivling, while the Muslim side calls it a fountain and says that it is not a big deal to find such fountains in Mughal-era buildings.

What is the history of Kashi Vishwanath Temple?

Varanasi is one of the oldest cities in the world. Kashi Vishwanath is one of the most sacred twelve Jyotirlingas of Hindus.

Historian Firishta has claimed that Mahmud Ghaznavi destroyed hundreds of temples in India and looted their immense wealth and took millions of people as slaves. Each invader targeted temples, looted them, broke idols and converted many temples into mosques.

San Martin has proved in his book by presenting archaeological evidence that Aurangzeb demolished hundreds of temples in this country and converted them into mosques. The world famous Kashi Vishwanath temple was also included in these.

In 1664, Aurangzeb made the first attack on this temple, which was thwarted by the self-sacrifice of thousands of Naga sadhus. In 1669, on the orders of Aurangzeb, the holy temple of Kashi Vishwanath was demolished and the Gyanvapi mosque was built in its place.

Many foreign historians have confirmed that the antiquities of the ancient Kashi Vishwanath temple are buried near the present Gyanvapi mosque. According to historians, in 1194 Qutbuddin Aibak, the general of Muhammad Ghori, first destroyed the holy temple of Kashi Vishwanath.

But this temple was rebuilt by some Gujarati traders in the 13th century, which was later demolished again by the Sharqi Sultans of Jaunpur. In the 15th century, the army of Sikandar Lodi again demolished the temple of Kashi Vishwanath, which was renovated by King Todar Mal during the reign of Akbar. This temple was demolished by Aurangzeb.

The present temple, which is located at some distance from the old temple, was built in 1780 by the queen of Indore, Ahilya Bai Holkar. It is said that his father-in-law Malhar Rao Holkar had tried in 1742 to demolish the Gyanvapi mosque and build a temple there, but it could not be possible due to the intervention of the Nawabs of Awadh. Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Punjab had donated 40 maunds of gold to this temple, which is still enhancing the glory of the peak of this temple.

When did the legal dispute of Kashi Vishwanath Temple – Gyanvapi Masjid start?

Communal riots broke out in 1809 following a dispute over prayers being offered outside the mosque premises.

In the Dharma Sansad held in Delhi in 1984, the Hindu side was asked to claim Ayodhya, Kashi and Mathura.

In 1991, a petition was filed in the court of Varanasi demanding worship in Gyanvapi premises and demolition of the mosque.

In 1998, the Allahabad High Court stayed the trial of the lower court on the petition of the Anjuman Intezamia Masjid Committee.

In 2019, a petition was filed in the Varanasi district court demanding an archaeological survey of the Gyanvapi mosque complex.

In 2020, the Masjid Intezamia Committee opposed the petition demanding an archaeological survey of the Gyanvapi complex.

In 2020 itself, the petitioner requested the lower court in Varanasi to resume the trial after the Allahabad High Court did not extend the stay.

On 18 August 2021, five women filed a petition for daily worship at Shringar Gauri Temple in Gyanvapi Masjid premises.

On 26 April 2022, the court ordered videography and survey to be conducted in Gyanvapi Masjid.

The survey started on May 6, 2022 in the Gyanvapi Masjid premises and the survey work was completed on May 16, 2022.

A fresh petition was filed on 24 May 2022, seeking a ban on offering prayers by Muslims in the Gyanvapi premises, handing over the premises to Hindus and allowing regular worship of the Shivling found in the premises during the survey.

On 25 May 2022, District Judge Ajay Krishna Vishwesh transferred the petition to the fast track court.

The arguments of both the parties were completed in the court on 15 October 2022 and the date of 27 October was fixed for the order.

Both the parties were asked to file written arguments by 18 October 2022.

On November 14, the court gave the date of November 17 to pronounce the verdict in this case.

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