On this day 52 years ago, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had announced to make Himachal Pradesh a full-fledged state.
Himachal Statehood Day: Himachal Pradesh has many breathtaking and attractive mountain ranges, peaks and valleys. Among these are Dhauladhar, Pir Panjal, Shivalik mountain, which was also known as Mainak mountain. At the same time, there are many passes in Himachal Pradesh which are called Jot in the local language. Along with this there are some glaciers which include Shigdi, Pacha, Kulti, Gaifeng glacier and many other glaciers. On the other hand, talking about religious places, there are temples of many deities here. Among these Brajeshwari Temple, Chintpurni Temple, Jwala Mata Temple, Maa Shoolini Temple, Baba Balak Nath Temple, Jakhu Temple, Hidimba Devi Temple, Chamunda Temple, Bijli Mahadev, Bala Sundari Temple, Shri Renuka Ji Temple are prominent.
Amidst all this, Himachal Pradesh also has its own political history. Let us know how Himachal Pradesh was given full statehood status by India’s first woman Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
how did the process start
When the process of merger of princely states in India was going on, a meeting was organized under the leadership of Raja Durga Singh of Baghat. In this, emphasis was laid on making the hill states a single geographical and administrative unit. The princely union of indigenous rulers and the proposals of the representatives of Praja Mandal for the Himalayan province were discussed. Along with this, through another resolution, the then Home Minister Sardar Patel was requested to merge the hill princely states of Punjab with the proposed Himachal Pradesh to make it a full-fledged state.
After the conference of this assembly, in a huge assembly in Solan, Raja Durga Singh announced the formation of a new province of Himachal Pradesh by joining 25 princely states. Along with this, it was also announced to leave the political power to the kings and transfer it to the representative government. It was from here that the work of becoming Himachal Pradesh’s name and province started.
On January 27, 1948, The Tribune published details of the proceedings of the meeting held at Solan under the title ‘Himachal Pradesh, a new star on the map of India’. On the other hand, the supporters of the Maharaja of Patiala were trying to form ‘Kohistan’ by merging the hill states of Nalagarh and Keonthal with Sirmaur, Chamba and Shimla. After this many types of agitations and actions took place. Then on March 8, 1948, the Secretary of the Ministry of States announced the creation of a separate province of Himachal Pradesh by the merger of the hill princely states on behalf of the Central Government. Secretary of the Ministry of Princely States V.P. Menon clarified on the occasion that we have merged the Shimla Hill States Corps to form the Union Territory of Himachal Pradesh and with this, the process of formation of Himachal Pradesh started on March 8, 1948, by the merger of 27 princely states of the Shimla Hill region.
18th state of independent India
On 24 January 1968, the Union Territory of Himachal Pradesh assembly unanimously passed a resolution to provide full statehood for Himachal. During this, the Swatantra Party, Communist Party and Azad MLAs also strongly supported this proposal. After this, the Himachal Pradesh government under the leadership of Dr. YS Parmar prepared a draft on the full state subject and sent it to the central government. As a result, on July 31, 1970, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi announced full statehood to Himachal Pradesh in Parliament. After this the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed in Parliament in December 1970. On January 25, 1971, the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi herself came to Shimla and gave India’s 18th full state in the form of Himachal Pradesh in front of thousands of Himachalis present in the historic ridge ground here amidst heavy snowfall.
Indira Gandhi performed Himachali folk dance
On January 25, 1971, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi along with the creator of Himachal and the then Chief Minister Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar reached Ridge Maidan while doing a roadshow in an open jeep from Malroad. From the ridge ground, he announced full statehood to Himachal Pradesh. People who reached Shimla from different parts of Himachal Pradesh celebrated the statehood of Himachal Pradesh by performing Nati (Himachali folk dance) on the ridge. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi herself also participated in this celebration of the mountain people and she also performed Himachali dance with the people on the ridge ground.
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Story first published: Wednesday, January 25, 2023, 13:00 [IST]