There is often a demand to give the status of the national language to the official language Hindi on the basis of the dialect of the majority of the population. According to Dr Sumeet Jairath, former secretary of the Department of Official Language, the framers of the Constitution accepted Hindi as the official language of India. Article 343(1) of Part 17 of the Constitution states that the official language of the country shall be Hindi and the script Devanagari.
foreign students studying hindi
The contribution of Dr. Rajendra Prasad in getting Hindi the status of official language of India is considered remarkable. On the occasion of Hindi Diwas, speeches, seminars are organized to connect with the language and to underline its importance and history. Foreign students are also coming to India to study Hindi. Professor in the Department of Hindi in Delhi University said that students from European countries Ukraine, China and Korea show interest in foreign students studying MA. Students from 70 countries come to Kendriya Hindi Sansthan.
Hindi became the official language in 1949
After the independence on 15 August 1947, the biggest question in front of India was about the language. The dialect, language and culture changes every 100-200 kms in India. There was a difference of opinion on what became the national language among hundreds of languages and thousands of dialects. After churning in the Constituent Assembly, on 14 September 1949, Hindi was unanimously given the status of official language. Rashtriya Bhasha Prachar Samiti recommended on 14 September 1953, after this National Hindi Day is celebrated every year on 14 September. It is also interesting that World Hindi Day is also celebrated on 10 January.
Hindi language of the people
The Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi had advocated making Hindi the official language during the Hindi Sahitya Sammelan held in 1918. He termed Hindi as the language of the masses and said, Hindi is the language of the heart. More than 420 million people worldwide use Hindi as their first language. 120 million people speak Hindi as a second language. Languages like Braj, Bundeli, Magadhi and Bhojpuri are counted as mother tongue. The region or province in which it is spoken, the languages you speak with birth, is called mother tongue.
World Hindi Day started 16 years ago
Countries like Nepal, UAE, New Zealand, Uganda, Mauritius, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Germany, USA and United Kingdom have a large number of Hindi speaking citizens. After getting the status of official language, Hindi is officially used in government departments. After Jawaharlal Nehru, the first PM of the country, former Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh announced World Hindi Day in 2006.
Official language week
Official language week is celebrated in many states for the next seven days from the day of Hindi Diwas of 14th September. Literary and cultural programs are organized. Celebrations and seminars are organized on notable works of Hindi literature. Governments give Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar and Rajbhasha Gaurav Puraskar. People are honored to honor the remarkable contribution of citizens and institutions on Hindi Diwas.
English as an auxiliary official language
There has been fierce opposition to Hindi in Tamil Nadu. Violent protests in 1965 put a strain on the government’s forehead. India’s thinking changed amidst fierce opposition. The protest was against the imposition of Hindi. After this there was a change in the language policy. The then Information and Broadcasting Minister Indira Gandhi amended the Official Language Act. English was given the status of an auxiliary official language.
Vocabulary updates in the age of computers
According to the BBC report, since 1937, there has been a protest against Hindi in Tamil Nadu. The then government of Chakravarti Rajagopalachari supported the imposition of Hindi in Madras province but the local party- Dravida Kazhagam (DK) opposed it. Due to lack of adequate official Hindi dictionary for standard Hindi, words from other languages are easily found along with Hindi. In the age of smartphones and computers, the terminology is getting updated. In such a situation, more work on Hindi has become necessary.
Government indifferent to technology
Even though Hindi keyboard is not made but Unicode fonts are being worked on. The use of Hindi language on the Internet has increased in the last few years. Groups of youth are actively uploading Hindi content on the Internet. Writing and speaking in Hindi has also started on social media platforms Twitter, Facebook, YouTube and WhatsApp. However, the use of technology in government work and publications shows both hesitation and apathy in increasing the use of Hindi.
How much to compromise in words?
It is most important in the discussion on Hindi, official language, national language or mother tongue, that the governments have given status to languages, but the upbringing of languages will be done only through the efforts of the people. Those who use the language will have to decide how much compromise has to be made in the words being written in the mother tongue in the age of technology.
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