Israel politics and history: What is the history of the Jewish nation Israel, troubled by political instability and terrorism – न्यूज़लीड India

Israel politics and history: What is the history of the Jewish nation Israel, troubled by political instability and terrorism


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oi-Rahul Kumar

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Updated: Friday, November 4, 2022, 20:20 [IST]

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Israel politics and history, Likud, the party led by Benjamin Netanyahu, has won the parliamentary election in Israel. The party won a majority in the 120-member Parliament (Knesset) by winning 64 seats. With this Benjamin Netanyahu is once again going to take over the power of Israel.

Israel politics and history: What is the history of the Jewish nation Israel, troubled by political instability and terrorism

Netanyahu defeated the incumbent Prime Minister Yer Lapid’s party ‘Yesh Atid’ in the election. For the past few years, there was political instability in Israel. Elections have been held there for the fifth time in the last 4 years, after which a party has returned to power with an absolute majority.

Benjamin Netanyahu first became prime minister in 1996. He became the Prime Minister for the second time in 2009 and remained in this position till 2021. There was a period when no opposition leader was seen in the face of Netanyahu. In November 2019, for the first time in Israel’s history, a case was registered against a prime minister. Netanyahu was alleged to have committed bribery and fraud in connivance with big business and media giants. Netanyahu had to resign in June 2021 as the opposition coalition strengthened.

On 13 June 2021, Netanyahu’s former aide Naftali Bennett became prime minister with a minor majority of one MP. But within a year, many members of his government resigned, reducing the Naftali government to a minority. Parliament was then dissolved and Yair Lapid was made acting prime minister until the next election was held on 1 July 2022.

After the new election was announced, all right-wing Jewish parties sided with Benjamin Netanyahu. Whereas in the opposition the various parties of the Arabs could not form a united front. The ‘Joint List’ coalition of four pro-Arab parties ended and they announced to contest the elections separately. The coalition included the Democratic Front for Peace and Equality (Hadash), the National Democratic Alliance (Balad), the United Arab List (RAM) and the Arab Movement for Renewal (TAL).

Israel’s electoral process
Elections to the Parliament of Israel (Knesset) are held every four years, but no government has a fixed term. If the government loses a vote of confidence, early elections can be held in Parliament by means of a majority or presidential decree. Re-elections are held even if the 120-seat parliament decides to dissolve itself with a majority.

Israel also has a democratic election system like the rest of the world, where the transfer of power takes place in a peaceful manner through voting. Here proportional representation is the electoral system, also known as the ‘list system’. In this, voters cast their vote for any one political party.

According to the percentage of votes that any political party gets in the election, its seats in the Parliament are decided. For example, if a party gets 10 percent of the votes, it gets 12 out of 120 seats (10 percent of 120 = 12). To win a seat in Israel’s parliament, it is necessary to secure a minimum of 3.25 percent of the total vote. If a party gets less votes than this, it does not get seats in Parliament. Before the general election, each party issues a preferential list of its candidates. From this list MPs are made. This list remains valid till the next election. If a member of Parliament dies, the other person on the party list is given a place in the Knesset.

If the single largest party fails to form a coalition government, the President can give a chance to another party. A similar equation was seen in 2009 when the leader of the Kadima Party, Zippy Livni, could not form the government despite securing one seat more than the Likud party led by Netanyahu. After the April 2019 elections, the president called on Netanyahu to form a government, but he could not form a coalition. The Knesset voted in favor of dissolution of parliament, after which re-elections were held.

Israel recognized by Arab countries
With the efforts of America, Israel’s diplomatic relations have been established with eight Muslim countries so far. These include Turkey, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Sudan, Bahrain, Morocco, Jordan and Egypt.

history of israel
Israel came into existence on 14 May 1948. Israel is such a country that even after being surrounded by enemies, they have kept their noses up. The name of its intelligence agency Mossad leaves the enemies sweating. The size of Israel in the world map today has a long history behind it.

Turkey used to be the Ottoman Empire instead of Israel. After the defeat of Turkey in World War I, the area was occupied by Britain. Britain was a big power at that time and till the Second World War this area remained under British occupation.

Conflict between Arabs and Jews
In 1948 Arabs and Jews clashed for the first time. Britain had assured the Jews that they would establish a free sovereign nation of Israel for them. But seeing the attitude of the Arabs, Britain did not dare to announce the establishment of Israel and they left Palestine and left. After this the Jewish leaders declared a country called Israel.

This was opposed by Palestinian Muslims and started the war. Many Palestinians had to flee their homes during the war. After the end of the war, Israel occupied most of Palestine. The area that Jordan occupied in this war is called the West Bank. Whereas the area that Egypt occupied is called the Gaza Strip.

With the end of the war, the first election for the 120-member parliament of Israel was held on 25 January 1949, in which citizens participated enthusiastically and David Ben-Gurion was elected the country’s first prime minister.

In another war in 1967, Israel also occupied East Jerusalem and the West Bank. Apart from this, he also captured the Golan Heights of Syria and the Sinai region of Egypt. Israel claims the whole of Jerusalem, while the Palestinians claim East Jerusalem as their own. The countries that recognize Israel’s claim include many countries including the US, Britain. Muslims living in Gaza and the West Bank say Israel persecutes them.

For two thousand years, there has been a lot of atrocities against the Jews. The rivalry of the Jews has been more with the Romans and Christians than the Muslims. The problem of Muslims and Jews is only 100 years old. The massacre of Jews by the Romans is not seen anywhere else in history, and in many places Jews and Muslims have lived together, such as in Medina and Spain, but there has never been a trust between them.

Benjamin Netanyahu: How did Israel's opposition parties win together, yet?Benjamin Netanyahu: How did Israel’s opposition parties win together, yet?

Despite being a religion older than Christianity and Islam, Jews did not have any country of their own for centuries. Jews are very passionate about the land of their ancestors, Israel, and especially Jerusalem, as it was once their sultanate. It was here that he had his first and second temple, and the Jews are confident that his third temple will be built here.

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english summary

Israel politics and history: What is the history of the Jewish nation Israel, troubled by political instability and terrorism

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