Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) is going on to provide modern and proper irrigation facilities to the farmers. The objective of which is to increase agricultural productivity and increase the income of farmers.
According to India’s Union Ministry of Agriculture, the contribution of agriculture to India’s GDP in the year 2021-22 is 18.8 percent. If commercial activities related to agriculture are also included in this, then the total share of agriculture in GDP becomes 30-35 percent. According to the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD), about 100 million Indian households depend on agriculture.
There is also a contrast between all these figures. In fact, about 55 to 60 percent of agriculture in India was dependent on the monsoon. Due to the delay of monsoon, the farmers had to face many problems related to cultivation and irrigation. Keeping these problems in mind and improving agricultural productivity, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana on July 1, 2015.
What is Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana for irrigation of farms is a scheme by the central government to deliver ‘water to every farm’ in every district of India. Under which the government gives subsidy to the farmers for construction of water sources, repair of old water sources, construction of water harvesting equipments including equipment for irrigation of fields such as underground pipe system, tube wells and others. The work of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana is being done under the supervision of two boards. One, the National Steering Committee under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister; Second, the National Executive Board, whose chairman is the Vice-Chairman of NITI Aayog.
The share of the central government in this scheme is 75 percent and that of the state government is 25 percent. On the other hand, in hilly states, the participation of the government is 90 percent and that of the center is 10 percent.
PMKSY budget and farmers income
An expenditure of Rs 5300 crore was made for the initial year 2015-16 of the scheme. At the same time, a budget of Rs 50,000 crore was kept for the period 2015-16 to 2019-20 for the scheme. PAKSY has been carried forward for 5 years for 2021-26 with a provision of Rs 93,068 crore. About 58 lakh farmers have been benefited from this scheme from 2015-16 till July 2022.
Achievements of PMKSY
Under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana, 6382 projects were started, out of which 5243 projects have been completed. On the other hand, 32.697 hectare area has been cultivated under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Yojana ‘Per drop more crop’. Through this scheme from the year 2018-19 to 2020-21, this area was covered with micro irrigation.
Since 2019, 15 projects have been approved under Ground Water (a sub-component of PMKSY) for 12 states – Assam, Arunachal, Gujarat, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal. Similarly, under PMKSY ‘Har Khet Ko Pani’, repair, renovation & restoration (RRR) work of water sources was done.
A total of 1321 schemes – 604 in Andhra Pradesh, 4 in Himachal Pradesh, 375 in Manipur, 68 in Meghalaya, 270 in Nagaland – were covered under PMKSY ‘Har Khet Ko Pani’ in 2018-19. Out of which work on 77 schemes has been completed, while work is in progress for the rest.
A provision of 90 per cent central funding has been made for both the Renukaji Dam Watershed Project, Himachal Pradesh and Lakhwad Multipurpose Project, Uttarakhand under PMKSY during 2021-26. Water harvesting through both the projects will directly benefit 6 states – Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan.
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Story first published: Sunday, January 22, 2023, 15:55 [IST]