Lal Bahadur Shastri: Lal Bahadur, who went to school by swimming the river, got the respect of the countrymen with determination – न्यूज़लीड India

Lal Bahadur Shastri: Lal Bahadur, who went to school by swimming the river, got the respect of the countrymen with determination

Lal Bahadur Shastri: Lal Bahadur, who went to school by swimming the river, got the respect of the countrymen with determination

Today is the death anniversary of Bharat Ratna Lal Bahadur Shastri, the second Prime Minister of India. On the advice of Shastri ji, famous for his simplicity, his wife also used Khadi clothes throughout her life.


author-Shiv Kumar Singh

Published: Wednesday, January 11, 2023, 10:31 [IST]

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lal bahadur shastri death anniversary know some interesting things about shastri ji

Lal Bahadur Shastri: Lal Bahadur Shastri, the second Prime Minister of India (1964–1966), was born on 2 October 1904 in a Kayastha family in Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh. He was called as ‘Nanhe’ in his childhood. His father’s name was Sharda Prasad Srivastava and mother’s name was Ramdulari Devi. Shastriji’s father was a teacher in a primary school.

When Shastriji was one and a half years old, his father passed away. After this, Shastri ji came to Nanihal with his mother. Then in 1917 he came to Banaras. There he first studied in Dayanand High School, then from seventh to tenth in Harish Chandra High School. He had to walk barefoot for his schooling. It has also been said about Shastri ji that he used to go to school after crossing the river by swimming.

So this is how Lal Bahadur ‘Shastri’ became

When Shastriji was in the sixth standard, his name was registered in the school as Lal Bahadur Verma. At that time he was 12 years old. He told his family that I do not want to keep my caste surname ‘Verma’, because I do not like the word caste. He urged the headmaster of the school, Basant Lal Verma, to drop the surname ‘Verma’. The headmaster accepted his request. Thus Lal Bahadur Verma became only Lal Bahadur. When Lal Bahadur graduated from Kashi Vidyapeeth in 1925 and was given the title of ‘Shastri’, he added Shastri to his name. Later, this name ‘Lal Bahadur Shastri’ got recognition all over the world.

Participated in the freedom movement with the inspiration of Gandhiji

At the age of just 16, Lal Bahadur decided to participate in the non-cooperation movement being run under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. During this, he also went to jail for the first time, but was released because of his young age. Later, with the inspiration of Gandhiji, he participated in many movements of the freedom struggle and during this he was also in British jails for about nine years in different cases.

On Shastriji’s advice, his wife adopted Khadi

In the year 1928, Lal Bahadur Shastri was married to Lalita Devi of Mirzapur. Shastri ji accepted only a pair of khadi clothes and a spinning wheel as a gift or dowry. Shastri’s biographer C.P. Srivastava writes in his book ‘Lal Bahadur Shastri: A Life of Truth in Politics’ that “Once during a conversation with Shastriji’s wife Mrs. Lalita Devi, I asked if she remembered any incident during their marriage, which Has Shastri ji shared it with him?”

Lalita Devi said that “After our marriage Shastri ji told me that you are from a good family and you could have married a person more prosperous than me. But, now that you have married me, I would suggest you That for your future happiness and contentment, you must look to those who are less fortunate than us.”

C.P. Srivastava writes in his book, “Lalita Devi was about seven years younger to Shastriji. She was also a very mature woman. She was aware of Lal Bahadur Shastri’s background. She gladly accepted her husband’s advice.”

Lalita Devi C.P. Srivastava that after marriage when she was inside the house, Shastriji sent her a message to give up her silk sarees and wear only Khadi cotton sarees. After this, Lalita Devi wore only Khadi sarees throughout her life. Lalita Devi used to consider Shastriji as her ideal. When Lalita Devi died on 13 April 1993, her last rites were performed near ‘Vijay Ghat’, Shastriji’s tomb in New Delhi.

When the slogan ‘Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan’ was given

According to a BBC report, during the Indo-Pakistani War in 1965, US President Lyndon Bence Johnson threatened Prime Minister Shastri that if you did not stop fighting against Pakistan, we would stop sending you wheat. At that time India was not self-sufficient in the production of wheat. Prime Minister Shastri did not like this threat of the American President.

According to Prime Minister Shastri’s son Anil Shastri, “Shastri ji appealed to the countrymen that we will not eat food once a week. Due to this the wheat coming from America will be compensated. But, before this appeal, he told his wife Lalita Shastri “Can you make sure that we don’t have dinner this evening. Because, first I want to see whether my children can go hungry. When they see that we can go without food for a while, So he appealed to the countrymen to do the same. During this, Shastri ji also gave the slogan ‘Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan’.

Prime Minister Shastri was an example of amazing self-respect

In 1963, under the Kamaraj Plan, Shastri had to resign from Prime Minister Nehru’s cabinet. At that time he was the Home Minister of India. According to senior journalist Kuldeep Nayyar, “When he visited Shastri’s house one evening, the whole house was dark except the drawing room. Shastri was sitting alone there reading the newspaper. Nayyar asked Shastriji why the lights were on outside. Is it not lighting? So Shastri ji said that from now on I will have to pay the electricity bill of this house from my house. That’s why it is not in my power to keep the lights on in the whole house.

When Ayub Khan was taunted

After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, the then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri took a jibe at the then President of Pakistan, General Ayub Khan at Delhi’s Ramlila Maidan and said, “Ayub Sahib kept saying that we should go ahead with our hundreds of tanks. Will move forward and reach Delhi by walking. So he had the intention of coming to Delhi while walking in this way and when this intention was there, we also walked a little towards Lahore, so I think we did something wrong. Didn’t.”

mysterious death in tashkent

In the year 1966, Lal Bahadur Shastri went to Tashkent to negotiate a peace settlement with Pakistani President General Ayub Khan. The Soviet Union took the responsibility of mediating this peace agreement. On 10 January 1966, India and Pakistan signed this agreement in Tashkent. Prime Minister Shastri died mysteriously on January 11, 1966 in Tashkent within a day of this agreement. Late Prime Minister Shastri was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1966.

Also read: Lal Bahadur Shastri: Today is the death anniversary of ‘Lal’ Bahadur of the country fighting poverty, Gadkari remembered

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lal bahadur shastri death anniversary know some interesting things about shastri ji

Story first published: Wednesday, January 11, 2023, 10:31 [IST]

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