Madrasa Education: History of Madrasa in India, from giving education to increasing terrorism – न्यूज़लीड India

Madrasa Education: History of Madrasa in India, from giving education to increasing terrorism


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oi-Shiv Kumar Singh

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Updated: Tuesday, November 8, 2022, 18:42 [IST]

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Madrasa Education, the work of survey of madrasas started by the Government of Uttar Pradesh has now been completed. By November 15, the complete report of the survey will be sent to the state government through the district magistrates of various districts.

Madrasa Education: History of Madrasa in India, from giving education to increasing terrorism

It has also been found in this survey that there are more than 7500 Islamic madrasas in Uttar Pradesh, which are not recognized by the government. These madrasas also include world-renowned institutions like Darul Uloom Deoband and Mazahir Uloom, which do not take any help from the government nor are they affiliated to any madrasa board. Apart from this 16513 madrasas are registered with Uttar Pradesh Madrasa Education Board. According to the Union Ministry of Minorities, there were a total of 24,010 madrassas registered in India as of 2019.

On 30 October 2022, Darul Uloom Deoband convened a meeting of teachers, managers and high-ranking ulema related to Islamic madrasas across the country, in which it has been clarified by a resolution that Islamic madrasas should not be affiliated to any board. Nor is there any need to take any kind of help from the government.

It has been said in the resolution that if any amendment is made in the curriculum of madrasas, then the purpose and goal of establishing these Islamic madrassas will be defeated, so we do not accept any kind of amendment in the curriculum.

On this occasion, Maulana Arshad Madani, the national president of Jamiat Ulema, said in his address that this is a conference of representatives of madrassas across the country. He said that the way the country needs doctors, jurists and engineers. Similarly, our community needs better Muftis and Alam-e-Din and only madrasas can fulfill this.

Madani said that there is no need for madrassas to get recognition from any board. We will improve the education level of madrassas, not the government. We do not need laptops, but religious people with Quran, who can offer Namaz in the countryside, forests and cities and can teach the religion.

However, in a conference held in Darul Uloom Deoband on 18 September 2022, Jamiat Ulema had announced to cooperate with the Uttar Pradesh government in the survey of madrassas.

On the other hand, the Pushkar Singh Dhami government of Uttarakhand has also directed the managers of all madrasas to get themselves registered within a month. If they do not register the madrassas within the stipulated time, then the government can close those madrasas. There are 419 madrassas registered with the Uttarakhand Madrasa Board, out of which 192 madrassas get grants from the central and state governments. Apart from this, there are more than 400 such madrasas in the state, which are not registered.

What is the history of Madrasas in India?

Madrasa is an Arabic word which means ‘place of reading’. Originally it came to Arabic from the Hebrew language, which is called ‘Midarsa’ in Hebrew.

According to a report in the Indian Express, the first madrasa in India was opened in Ajmer in 1191-92 AD. At that time there was the rule of Mohammad Ghori. Although UNESCO traces the beginning of madrassas in India to the 13th century and presents for example the madrasa of Gwalior.

After this, the number of madrassas continued to increase in India and during the reign of Akbar, other than Islamic education began to be taught in madrasas. The British also opened madrassas in India, Warren Hastings opened the first madrasa of the British government in Kolkata in 1780.

In the olden times, Madrasa was considered a symbol of Islamic knowledge. Here education was provided to the people on a large scale. The specialty of the madrasas of this period was that they were secular in nature and children of non-Muslim community also came here for education. The secularism of madrasas was maintained till the end of the 19th century.

The role of madrassas was important in the pre-independence period. The first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, social reformer Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Munshi Premchand also received their early education in Madrasas.

Actually, from 1844 onwards changes started coming in the madrasa. The doors of government jobs were closed for the students who passed out from the madrasa. This created an atmosphere of great anger among the Muslim community, because suddenly it was not so easy to accept English at that time. The British broke the backbone of the traditional education of Muslims and divided the education system into religious and non-religious categories.

How does the Madrasa system work?

In the beginning, the madrassa system was run by the donations of the common people and in this free education was given to all the students. With the passage of time, some madrassas remained autonomous, but some madrassas established their relationship with the government.

What is the curriculum of madrassas?

Munshi, Maulvi, Alim, Kamil, Fazil, Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Hindi, English as well as social science, science, civics and computer subjects are being taught in madrasas as an option.

Of course, madrassas have played an important role in the spread of Islamic education since medieval times. Many eminent clerics, imams, interpreters and theorists of Islam have emerged out of them, but basically madrasa education confined itself to ‘Dini Talim’. It failed to catch the pulse of time.

It kept itself away from modern logic, science, art, etc., which also resulted in educational, economic backwardness and religious bigotry. Such one-sided education developed a global political philosophy of Islam, but the values ​​of universal co-existence were despised.

When was Darul Uloom Deoband established?

India’s famous Madrasa Darul Uloom Deoband was established in 1866. Darul Uloom Deoband belongs to the Wahabi sect. The Wahhabi sect was started by Imam Mohammed bin Abdul Wahab. Its goal was to end the wrong customs prevalent in Islam and to present Islam in its original form.

Shah Waliullah Dehlvi introduced the Wahhabi ideology in India. Shah Waliullah’s goal was to transform India from ‘Dar-ul-Harb’ (where there is non-Muslim rule) to ‘Dar-ul-Islam’ (Fortress of Islam).

Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind was founded

In 1919, in the Khilafat Conference held in Delhi, Maulana Mahmud Hasan founded the Jamiat Ulema in Delhi and its first president, Mufti Azam Maulana Kifayatullah, was nominated.

Establishment of Khilafat Committee

The leaders of Jamiat Ulema had established the Khilafat Committee. The Khilafat Declaration issued in Delhi in 1919 had three main demands. First, the Ottoman Empire should not be disintegrated. Second, the position of Caliph should be retained and third, the control of Mecca and Medina should remain in the hands of the Caliph. This Khilafat Committee later took the form of Jamiat Ulema.

After the partition of the country, there was a partition in the Jamiat Ulema and a large section went to Pakistan. There Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Usmani established a new organization called Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam. There are four main terrorist organizations associated with this organization, including Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan, Sipah-e-Sahaba and Afghan Taliban. It is clear from this that the strings of Deobandi Jamaat are connected with the Taliban.

Supreme Court said – Tuition fees should be cheap, education is not a business to earn profitSupreme Court said – Tuition fees should be cheap, education is not a business to earn profit

relations with terrorists

Maulana Fazlur Rehman, a prominent leader of the Pakistani Taliban, has mysteriously visited Deoband several times. The special thing is that Rahman never received education in Darul Uloom Deoband. Despite this, whenever he came to India, he was always accommodated in Delhi and Deoband as the guest of Maulana Arshad Madani, president of Jamiat Ulema.

Arshad Madani organized several receptions in his honor at five star hotels in Delhi. Fazlur Rehman is counted among the terrorist leaders of Pakistan. He has close ties with Hafiz Saeed and United Jihad Council chief Salahuddin.

The Jamiat Ulema has formed a ‘Defense Committee’ under the leadership of Gulzar Azmi, whose main job is to protect the suspects who are caught on terrorism charges by the security agencies. On behalf of this committee, along with providing financial assistance to the families of terrorists, an army of free lawyers is raised to protect them.

In the last few years, many such terrorists have been apprehended from across the country who were associated with Deoband, Jamiat Ulema or any other madrasa running organization. The Taliban of Afghanistan were created in the madrassas of Pakistan. Even today, fundamentalists from madrasas play a major role in spreading terror across the world.

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english summary

Madrasa Education: History of Madrasa in India, from giving education to increasing terrorism

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