Delhi MCD elections are going to be held on December 4. Voting will be held through EVM machines from 8 am to 5.30 pm and the results will come on December 7.
The tenure of all the three municipal corporations of Delhi ended in May this year, but it took about 6 months for the election to be announced. Usually elections are held one month before the end of the term.
Along with the announcement of MCD elections on November 5, the State Election Commission gave the reason for the delay in the elections.
State Election Commissioner Vijay Dev said, “The municipal corporation was integrated after the amendment in the DMC Act. That is, a Unified Municipal Corporation was established. Earlier there were a total of three municipal corporations in the capital Delhi, which became one after integration. After this the delimitation process was necessary. It is a long process and it took time to complete.”
Why the delay in MCD elections?
The reasons behind the delay in the elections were the integration of the municipal corporations and the delimitation process of the wards.
The BJP had been demanding the integration of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi for a long time. The party believed that if all the three municipal corporations were united, there would be only one mayor and his power would be almost equal to that of the chief minister of Delhi. There is often a tussle between the MCD and the Delhi government over distribution of funds, jurisdiction and work.
In the month of March this year, the Union Cabinet approved the integration of Delhi MCD and then after passing the bill from both the Houses, the process of integration was completed.
Then in the month of July, the Ministry of Home Affairs constituted a three-member committee for fresh delimitation of MCD wards. The committee was to complete the process of delimitation in four months, but it was completed in about three and a half months. After which the number of MCD wards decreased from 272 to 250. Earlier there were a total of 272 wards in Delhi MCD.
After the completion of this process, the way for the MCD elections was cleared.
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mcd election 2022
How is this election different?
Elections are being held for the first time after the integration of Delhi MCD. Earlier these three parts were divided into North Delhi Municipal Corporation, South Delhi Municipal Corporation and East Delhi Municipal Corporation.
This time polling will be held for 250 wards of Municipal Corporation of Delhi.
Out of 250 seats, 42 seats have been reserved for Scheduled Castes. Of these, 21 seats are reserved for Scheduled Caste women.
And out of the remaining 208 seats, 104 seats are reserved for women.
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How are MCD elections held?
In the Delhi MCD elections, the mayor is not elected directly, but it is done through the corporators. The party which wins the maximum number of councilors, is the mayor of that party.
The State Election Commission is responsible for the MCD elections. The head of the commission, Vijay Dev, says that this time also the elections will be conducted through EVMs. Elections on all the seats will be held in a single phase.
A total of 13,665 polling booths have been set up and there are 1 crore 46 lakh 73 thousand 847 voters.
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What do the results of the last election say?
The last MCD elections were held in 2017 and the total number of wards then was 272. Of these, BJP won 181 seats, AAP 48, Congress 30 and others 11. This was BJP’s third consecutive victory in MCD. All the three mayors elected in 2017 belonged to the BJP party.
The main contest in the 2012 elections was between the BJP and the Congress. BJP got a huge majority in the elections. And in 2007 too, the BJP had given a crushing defeat to the Congress.
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Why are MCD elections important?
Delhi MCD with a budget of thousands of crores has many powers. By using these powers, many local problems can be solved and the interests of a large population can be served.
These works have a deep impact on the vote bank of the parties. This is the reason why every party is interested in Delhi MCD elections.
What are the powers of MCD?
Town planning, running hospitals under public health facilities, ensuring cleanliness, ensuring drainage along with development of water resources, keeping records of births and deaths in their respective areas, operation of primary schools, e- Licensing and regulating rickshaws, rickshaws and handcarts, collecting house tax and other types of taxes etc.
Some powers of Delhi government and MCD overlap with each other. For example, where the work related to the construction of roads more than 60 feet wide comes under the Delhi government, those less than this are done by the MCD.
While it is the responsibility of the Delhi government to give licenses to bigger vehicles, the MCD provides licenses to smaller vehicles like e-rickshaws. Rights are divided in the same way in the field of education and health.
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Delhi MCD is ruled by BJP for the last 15 years.
For the last eight years, the command of Delhi is with the Aam Aadmi Party.
In the elections that were held during this period, the Aam Aadmi Party got seats, but it could not get its mayor elected.
In such a situation, while the Aam Aadmi Party wants to capture the MCD as well, the BJP wants to maintain its presence, so that it can get its benefit in the upcoming assembly and Lok Sabha elections as well.
According to the experts, Congress is weak in front of BJP and Aam Aadmi Party, but still many star campaigners of the party are seen putting their strength in the election campaign.
On the other hand, Aam Aadmi Party is betting only with Kejriwal’s face. The party has given the slogan “Kejriwal in MCD too”.
All the seven MPs of Delhi, former Mayor and Delhi BJP President Adesh Kumar Gupta are handling the campaign in BJP.
Apart from BJP, Aam Aadmi Party and Congress, AIMIM-ASP alliance, JDU and BSP are also trying their luck this time.
largest municipal corporation in the world
Of the 70 assembly constituencies in Delhi, 68 come under the MCD. More than 1 crore population of Delhi comes inside MCD. In terms of population, it is one of the largest municipal corporations in the world.
What are the issues?
The most important issues of Delhi MCD elections are cleanliness and pollution.
Ghazipur, Bhalswa and Okhla – Politics often takes place regarding the three garbage mountains of Delhi. Aam Aadmi Party blames BJP for the pile of garbage because BJP is in control of MCD. On the other hand, BJP surrounds Aam Aadmi Party regarding funds.
Kejriwal has claimed that if his party wins, he will get the garbage pile removed by calling experts from abroad. The BJP, on the other hand, says that Arvind Kejriwal went to Seoul four years ago to see how the river was cleaned, but neither the Yamuna was cleaned nor the pollution reduced.
The party believes that it has done a lot of work on Delhi’s infrastructure and electricity, so its return is certain.
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BJP has also accused Kejriwal of selling tickets. Apart from this, the party has also made the opening of liquor vends in every street a big issue.
On the other hand, the Congress says that Kejriwal had come to change the politics of Delhi, but the situation is the same.
JDU is raising the issue of alleged insult to the people of Purvanchal in Delhi during the Corona period. Apart from the basic issues, AIMIM is raising the issue of alleged silence of the Delhi government during the Delhi riots, FIR on Jamaatis etc.
Issues related to illegal encroachment on roads and payment of salaries to MCD employees are also being considered important from the point of view of MCD elections. MCD employees are forced to go on strike from time to time in case of non-payment of salary on time.
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Voting for MCD elections in Delhi will be held on December 04, results will come on December 07