Moral Police and Hijab Protests: What is Moral Police?, why there is increasing resentment in Iran against it – न्यूज़लीड India

Moral Police and Hijab Protests: What is Moral Police?, why there is increasing resentment in Iran against it


oi-Shiv Kumar Singh


Updated: Sunday, November 6, 2022, 10:11 [IST]

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Moral Police and Hijab Protests: The series of anti-hijab demonstrations in Iran is not taking its name to stop. Now radical clerics have also come on the target of the protesters. A case of a cleric tossing a turban by the protesters has come to light.

Moral Police and Hijab Protests

Demonstrations started in Iran on 16 September 2022 against the death of 22-year-old girl Mahsa Amini in police custody. Mahsa Amini was detained by Iran’s Moral Police for allegedly not wearing a hijab properly and later died in custody.

Mahsa Amini had come to Tehran to visit her brother and was arrested and severely beaten up for not wearing the hijab properly. She slipped into a coma in police custody and died.

It is alleged that the cause of his death was violent behavior and assault by the Moral Police. After Amini’s death, public outrage erupted in Iran against the Moral Police’s strict enforcement of restrictions on “personal liberty” and “religious conduct” for women, in which women took part. They tore the hijab openly and started burning it. Many women even cut their hair on their head.

The protesters raised slogans against Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. The police and army tried to crush the protesters. It is said that so far 298 people have died and more than 14 thousand have been arrested in the action of security forces in the demonstration spread across 129 cities. Most of the dead are women.

The Iranian Intelligence Ministry has said that foreign powers are behind these protesters and that these demonstrations are illegal, so strict action will be taken against those who participated in them. Iran’s government organization ‘Pasdaran-e-Inquilab’ has demanded from the country’s judiciary that those who spread false news and rumors in the country should be tried in special courts.

Moral Police has been a victim of criticism due to its tough attitude. Sharia laws are being strictly enforced in Iran. The current Iranian president, Ibrahim Raisi, is considered a radical. After being elected president last year, he had directed the installation of surveillance cameras across the country to detect and take action against women who are not wearing hijab and wearing obscene clothes.

According to Iranian law, if an Iranian woman raises questions online against the law of hijab or posts any material on social media against Sharia law, there is a provision for strict action, including both imprisonment and fine. The Iranian public has been outraged against these restrictions and there has been a huge increase in the posting of pictures of women wearing western clothes and without hijab on social media.

During the reign of the expelled Iranian emperor Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Iranian society was considered the most open society among Muslim countries. Iranian women wore clothes similar to those of Western women and did not wear any veils.

After the Islamic Revolution in 1979, strict restrictions were imposed on her western attire and leading a life like that of western women. Women wearing Western clothes were widely arrested. A special police branch called the ‘Moral Police’ was formed to implement Shari’a practices like in Saudi Arabia, and was given broad powers to deal with women who practiced anti-Islamic practices.

What is Moral Police?

Muslim women from 17 countries are living in fear of the Moral Police. In Islamic countries, there is a system of moral police, which takes strict action against the person concerned for violating the rules of Sharia and makes them comply with the ‘Social Code of Conduct’. This system is in place in countries which are Islamic countries based on Sharia. The Moral Police in Iran has been named ‘Gasht-e-Irshad’. Most of its members are fundamentalists, who strictly comply with Sharia rules.

This type of police has been operating in Saudi Arabia since 1940 and has been named ‘Committee for the Promotion of Virtu and the Prevention of Vice’. Its policemen are called ‘Mutween’ and they strictly enforce Islamic Sharia.

The Moral Police in Sudan was formed in 1993 under the then President Omar al-Bashir and has been named the ‘Public Order Police’. In Sudan too, there is resentment among a large section of society, but conservatives like this Moral Police of Sudan very much.

A special department ‘Malaysian Religious Agency – Federal Territories of Islamic Religious Department’ (Jowi) has been set up to strictly enforce the hijab and other Islamic attire in Malaysia, which deals with extramarital affairs, drinking alcohol, not fasting in Ramadan. And takes strict legal action against those who do not offer Namaz. Cases against the accused are tried under Sharia law.

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In Nigeria this police is named ‘Hisba’. It is said that its members are very less educated. Under the Taliban regime in Afghanistan, Islamic Sharia law was implemented brutally and women who violated it were severely punished.

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english summary

Moral Police and Hijab Protests: What is Moral Police

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