Lithuania is provoking Russia
Russia’s Kaliningrad city, located between the European Union and NATO countries Poland and Lithuania, imports goods from Russia via rail. Not only this, the supply of Kaliningrad’s gas is also done through Lithuania. The Baltic country, Lithuania, announced last week that it was going to ban goods on the European Union’s list of sanctions on the form to Kaliningrad by rail.
History of Kaliningrad
The Kaliningrad region was previously part of the German province of East Prussia, which was taken over by the Soviet Union after World War II in line with the 1945 Potsdam Agreement between the Allied Powers. Königsberg, the capital of East Prussia, was renamed Kaliningrad. An estimated 2 million Germans fled the area in the final months of World War II, and those who stayed were forcibly expelled after hostilities ended. Soviet authorities developed Kaliningrad into a major fishing centre, encouraging people from other regions to move to the region. Since the start of the Cold War, Kaliningrad has also served as a major base for Russia’s Baltic Fleet.
Kaliningrad surrounded by NATO countries
But since the collapse of the Soviet Union and the independence of the Baltic countries, Kaliningrad has been separated from Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia and surrounded by Poland and several NATO member states.
Russia’s military role in Kaliningrad increased
As Russia’s relations with the West soured since then, Russia’s military role in Kaliningrad has grown. The Kremlin has systematically strengthened its military forces there, equipping them with state-of-the-art weapons, including precision-guided Iskander missiles and a plethora of air defense systems.
Lithuania banned these Russian goods
The goods that Lithuania has banned include coal, metals, construction goods and state-of-the-art technology. “Russia reserves the right to defend its national interests if the movement of goods between Kaliningrad and Russia is not fully resumed in the future,” the Russian Foreign Ministry said in a statement.
the situation is serious
The Russian presidential office said Lithuania’s decision was “unexpected” and a violation of everything. Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said: “The situation is more than serious and a more in-depth analysis is needed before taking any action or decision.” Meanwhile, Lithuania’s Foreign Minister Gabrielius defended his country’s move. He said that our country is only implementing the sanctions imposed by the European Union. Lithuania is a member country of the European Union. He said that this step has been taken after consultation with the European Commission.
Nikolai Patrushev’s visit to Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad Governor Anton Alikhanov said the ban would affect up to half of all goods brought into the region, including cement and other building materials. Meanwhile, Nikolai Patrushev, the powerful secretary of Russia’s Security Council and a close confidant of President Vladimir Putin, visited Kaliningrad on Tuesday to meet with local officials. He called the sanctions “hostile” and warned that Moscow would respond appropriately “which would have a profound effect on the population of Lithuania”.
Lithuania is messing with Russia
Lithuania has significantly reduced its economic and energy dependence on Russia, recently becoming the first EU country to stop using Russian gas. It no longer imports Russian oil and has suspended imports of Russian electricity. Most Russian transit through Lithuanian ports has already been halted under EU sanctions. Now what action Moscow will take next, it will be decided by Russian President Vladimir Putin after receiving Nikolai Patrushev’s report.
Also read: Russia is killing Europe slow by cutting gas supply, condition of these rich countries is going to get worse