Recently, a major road accident took place on the Navale Bridge in Pune on the Bangalore-Pune highway. The cause of the accident is said to be brake failure of the oil tanker. Due to this uncontrolled truck, 48 vehicles also collided with each other on the road. Of these, an autorickshaw was also involved along with 22 cars. However, no casualties have been reported in the accident.
But this incident also shows our indifference towards stopping the increasing day by day road accidents in India. A few months ago, well-known businessman Cyrus Mistry also passed away in a road accident. He was returning to Mumbai from Ahmedabad and his car hit the divider 100 km before Mumbai. Let us try to understand through statistics that how serious is the condition of road accidents in India.
Increasing number of road accidents in India
According to the 2021 records of the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), there were a total of 4,03,116 road accidents in India in which a total of 1,55,622 people died. Whereas in 2017 this number was 1,50,093. On an average, about 18 people die in road accidents every hour in the country.
In terms of states, the highest number of road accidents occurred in Tamil Nadu with 57,090 and the least number of road accidents were recorded in Nagaland with only 34. However, the death toll in road accidents is highest in Uttar Pradesh. Last year this number was 36,509.
In the year 2021, a total of 1,899 cases of road accidents were reported on the expressway in which 1,216 people were injured and 1,356 people died. Most of the deaths occurred on National Highways, which accounted for 34.5 percent of the total deaths (53,615 deaths out of 1,55,622). Then there were deaths on state highways with 25.1 per cent (39,040 out of 1,55,622). Another 62,967 people died in accidents on city roads.
Most of the deaths of youth in road accidents
Deaths due to road accidents are a cause of great concern globally. Road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death for children and young adults aged 5-29 years and about 1.3 million people die every year due to road accidents, according to official figures for 2022 from the World Health Organization (WHO) . At the same time, the highest age group that dies in road accidents in India is the group of 15 to 49 years.
What do the statistics of road accidents in the world say?
America ranks first in terms of road accidents, where about 22,00,000 accidents are registered annually. Then there is the number of Japan where there are about 5,00,000 accidents. India is in the third place. Significantly, even though most road accidents happen in America, but most of the deaths in accidents happen in India only. In the year 2021, there were about 5,00,000 road accidents in Japan in which only 4,500 people died.
What is the central government doing to prevent road accidents?
The Ministry of Road Transport has implemented a scheme for undertaking publicity measures and awareness campaigns on road safety to create awareness among motorists through electronic media, print media, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) etc.
National Road Safety Month/Week is observed every year to spread awareness among drivers and strengthen road safety. Indian Academy of Highway Engineers (IAHI) has also started a certification course for Road Safety Examiners. Black spots (accident prone spots) have been identified on National Highways and their improvement has been given high priority.
Ministry of Road Transport has identified 5803 black spots on National Highways based on accident and death data for the years 2015-2018 in 30 States/UTs. Out of 5803 black spots, temporary measures have been taken on 5366 black spots and 3215 black spots have been rectified permanently.
Maharashtra: Major accident on Pune-Bengaluru highway, 48 vehicles damaged, 30 injured
Safety standards for vehicles have been improved with respect to airbags, anti-braking system (ABS), tyres, crash tests, Whole Vehicle Safety Product (WVSCoP) etc. The Ministry of Road Transport has issued a notification to install speed limiting devices on all vehicles.
The recently passed Motor Vehicles Act (Amendment) 2019 has made stricter provisions through use of technology besides stricter penalties to ensure compliance and increase deterrence for violation of traffic rules. The government has made a provision for an ambulance on the toll tax of the National Highway.
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Story first published: Monday, November 21, 2022, 20:07 [IST]