Scientists’ discovery published in the journal Science
Scientists who discovered these viruses say that these viruses can have a huge impact on the world’s ecosystems, which keep on “reprogramming” themselves. New research published on June 9 in the journal Science has made revelations about these viruses ruling the ocean. Scientists have found DNA as well as RAN-containing viruses in the ocean. Viruses that make humans sick are mostly RNA-containing viruses. For example, both the coronavirus and the influenza virus are RNA-based. However, when it comes to RNA viruses in the ocean, scientists are only aware of the variations that have the potential to infect humans, but they have not yet been researched.
What did the scientists find in the research?
Based on the new study, scientists say, ‘We are fairly sure that most RNA viruses in the ocean are infecting microbial eukaryotes, therefore fungi and protists, and to a lesser extent, invertebrates. Co-author Guillermo Dominguez-Huerta, who was a postdoctoral researcher in viral ecology at The Ohio State University (OSU), told Live Science that eukaryotes are complex-celled organisms. Keep the genetic material inside a nucleus.
affect the environment
Steven Wilhelm, principal investigator of the Aquatic Microbial Ecology Research Group at the University of Tennessee Knoxville, said that these viruses, because of the fungi and protists present in the ocean, which are present in algae and amoeba, they keep expelling large amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. and hence carbon accumulates in the ocean and this seriously affects the ocean atmosphere. Along with this, these viruses have been infecting marine organisms and the carbon produced by RNA viruses keeps flowing with the sea water, which affects other organisms.
Virus only virus from everywhere
Earlier this year, Dominguez-Huerta and his colleagues managed to find more than 5,500 previously unknown RNA viruses in the world’s oceans. For that study, which was published on April 7 in Science magazine, the team analyzed 35,000 water samples, and to do this, water samples were taken from 121 locations across five oceans by the Tara Oceans Consortium. These water samples from climate change on the oceans were filled with plankton, a tiny organism that lives in the current and often serves as a host for RNA viruses. To locate the virus within these plankton cells, the researchers combed through all the RNA in the planktonic cells to find a specific snippet of the genetic code via the RdRp gene.
Most viruses in the polar region
During the research, the scientists sorted the different marine parts into four major areas. Arctic, Antarctic, temperate and tropical epipelagic. Which means, close to the ocean surface, and temperate and tropical mesopelagic, which means that the virus has been found at about 656 to 3,280 feet (200 to 1,000 meters) below the sea level. Interestingly, despite the diversity of hosts for viruses to infect in warm waters, polar regions show the highest diversity of viruses. Scientists believe that, if some of these very dangerous viruses come between humans in some way, then they can wreak great havoc.