Searching for treasure in Afghanistan, China will destroy the ancient Buddhist city, how will the dragon stop? – न्यूज़लीड India

Searching for treasure in Afghanistan, China will destroy the ancient Buddhist city, how will the dragon stop?


Amazing glimpse of Buddhist culture

China has started excavation of Mes Aynak, which is called a very ancient Buddhist monument, located near Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan, and many journalists of Afghanistan have raised their voice against it and appealed to the world, that this heritage of Afghanistan be saved from collapse. Situated at the confluence of Hellenistic and Indian cultures, Mess Aynak is about 2,000 years old and the site once had a trade involving the extraction of copper. Once this place used to be a huge city, but after the establishment of Muslim rule in Afghanistan, it was made desolate and now efforts are being made to eradicate it under Taliban rule.

The city is about 2 thousand years old

The city is about 2 thousand years old

Archaeologists have uncovered Buddhist monasteries, stupas, forts, administrative buildings and residences, and also unearthed hundreds of sculptures, frescoes, ceramics, coins and manuscripts. Despite the looting at the turn of the century, Mess Ainac remained “one of the most beautiful archaeological sites” in the world, says Bastien Vrouticos, an archaeologist at the French company Iconeum, who is working to digitize the city and its heritage. Used to be. However, after returning to power, the Taliban have handed over the mining of minerals in Afghanistan to China, and neither the Taliban nor China has any concern with the ancient Buddhist heritage and is being demolished. .

city ​​for mining

city ​​for mining

When this city was discovered, Buddhist goods from the 2nd century to the 9th century were found here. At the same time, pottery of the Bronze Age has also been found here, which were found even before the birth of Buddhism. In the early 1960s a French geologist rediscovered the city, which had been forgotten centuries earlier. Mes Aynac in Logar Province has been compared in size and importance to Pompeii and Machu Picchu. The ruins, which are spread over 1,000 hectares and built on a huge summit, do not allow the brown part of it to be known, that it is made of copper. But in 2007, Chinese mining giant Metallurgical Group Corporation (MCC), which led a consortium owned by the Chinese government, signed a deal with the Afghan government to extract the ore for 30 years for $3 billion.

Why is the city being dug up now?

Why is the city being dug up now?

After 15 years of the deal, the mine is still unexplored and has been delayed due to insecurity and disagreements between Beijing and Kabul over the financial terms of the contract. But, now that the project is once again a priority for both sides, talks are on on ways to take it forward.

Who Will Save 'Buddha's City'?

Who Will Save ‘Buddha’s City’?

As the Chinese company began to excavate the area, fears are rising that the site, considered one of the most prosperous trading centers on the Silk Road, could disappear without oversight. Archaeologist Varutsikos told AFP news agency that, in the early 2010s, it was “one of the world’s largest archaeological projects”. At the same time, the first Chinese company NaeMJAM originally suspended the start of operations for three years, to allow archaeologists to focus on the threatened area directly from the mine. And that period was later inadvertently prolonged, as the security situation prevented the Chinese from building the planned infrastructure. But, now after getting the permission of Taliban, now all the coins are in the hands of China.

Taliban blew up Buddhist statue

Taliban blew up Buddhist statue

A lot of clean things found during excavation at this place were taken to the Kabul Museum and the rest of the items were ordered to be preserved by the Afghan government. At the same time, when the Taliban came to power for the first time in the year 2021, it stunned the whole world by bombing the huge Buddhist statue of Bamiyan. But, now the Taliban have said that they are committed to preserving the items found in Mess Aynak. Esmatullah Burhan, spokesman for Afghanistan’s Ministry of Mines and Petroleum, told AFP that “it is the duty of the Ministry of Information and Culture to protect them”. But, many people doubt the Taliban’s claim.

Will the name disappear?

Will the name disappear?

The Taliban is telling its promise to be honest, but so far the Chinese company has started excavation, so efforts have not been started to preserve the goods here. At the same time, many remains are simply too heavy or too fragile, which requires a lot of effort and use of technology to remove them, and in such a situation, it does not seem that they will be able to survive or even an attempt will be made to save them. The Chinese dig open pits instead of underground mining and if the Chinese excavation goes ahead, it will dismantle the copper mountain and bury all the pieces of the past.

Arabs' Mineral Resources in Afghanistan

Arabs’ Mineral Resources in Afghanistan

Afghanistan is a country rich in vast mineral resources of copper, iron, bauxite, lithium and rare earths, valued at more than a trillion dollars. The Taliban is expected to earn more than $ 300 million annually from Mess Aynak and for the year 2022, 60 percent of the country’s budget that the Taliban has made will come out of Mess Aynak only, so the Taliban will now account for almost the entire state budget. 60 percent – and now wants to speed up the process. According to Taliban minister Burhan, “the project should start, it should not be delayed any longer”. He said that now only the work of resolving the technical points is left. The Taliban have demanded a contract with the Chinese government to build a mine and a power station for electricity in Kabul and a railroad to Pakistan.

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