Solar Power: India’s increasing steps in solar energy, will there be a reduction in dependence on coal? – न्यूज़लीड India

Solar Power: India’s increasing steps in solar energy, will there be a reduction in dependence on coal?


oi-Manshul Rathodiya


Published: Friday, November 11, 2022, 17:15 [IST]

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Solar Power: The demand for solar energy in India is increasing day by day. Nowadays electricity requirements are being met through solar energy everywhere including in factories, offices, homes, and street lights on roads. Recently, a think tank, Amber, reported that during the month of January to June in 2022, India saved about ₹420 crore in the cost of conventional fuel by using solar energy. With this, India has also saved about 192 million tonnes of coal from burning.

India growing Solar Power to reduce coal dependence

what is solar energy

Solar energy or solar energy is a medium of renewable energy that we get from the sun. Modern solar energy originated in 1839, which was discovered by the 19-year-old French scientist Alexandre-Edmond Becquerel. Becquerel found during research that when he placed silver-chloride in an acidic solution and exposed it to sunlight, the platinum electrode attached to it generated an electric current. Solar cell panels are used to convert energy into electricity. Solar energy is clean, renewable, reliable and available in abundance.

Great potential of solar energy in India

Solar energy has immense potential in India. According to government data, India has about 5,000 trillion kWh of solar energy available naturally per year. Keeping this in mind, India’s National Solar Mission was launched in 2010. At present, 15 percent of the country’s electricity is being met by solar energy. Earlier it was to be developed to 20GW by the end of 2022. However, when India touched this figure four years ago, this target was increased to 100 GW.

Solar power capacity has increased from 2.6 GW in March 2014 to 60.81 GW in October 2022. The government has approved a total of 59 solar parks with a total capacity of 40 GW. Simultaneously, the world’s largest solar power park is being built in Gujarat with a capacity of 30 GW.

The Government of India gives priority to meeting the energy requirement of the country through solar projects. India aims to achieve a total of 500 GW of renewable energy by 2030, of which 300 GW is expected to come from solar power. Looking at the global scenario, India has now overtaken Germany to rank 4th in solar energy deployment.

Increasing pressure on coal for power generation

At present, most of India’s energy needs are supplied from coal-fired electricity. India’s electricity consumption has grown by 13.31 per cent annually to 127.39 BU in September 2022. Electricity consumption during April-September 2022 had increased by 11.65 per cent to 786.5 BU as compared to 740.40 BU in the same period in 2021. It was 625.33 BU in April-September 2020.

Due to this increasing demand for electricity, there is a lot of pressure on the mining of coal. As against 51.72 million tonnes of coal extracted in September 2021, the total coal production has increased by 12 per cent to 57.93 million tonnes at present.

5 Largest Solar Power Plants In India!

There are many solar power plants in India. Bhadla Solar Park in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, which is spread over 14000 acres and produces 2055 MW of energy, comes first in the count of five largest solar power plants.

The second is the Pavagadh Solar Park in Palavalli, Karnataka, which is spread over 13000 acres and generates 2000 MW of energy. Third, NP Kunta Ultra Mega Solar Park at Anandapuram, Andhra Pradesh which is spread over 7924 acres and generates 1500 MW of energy.

Fourth is the Kurnool Ultra Mega Solar Park in Andhra Pradesh’s Kurnool which is spread over 5932 acres and generates 1000 MW of energy.

Fifth, Rewa Ultra Mega Solar Park in Rewa, Madhya Pradesh, which is spread over 1590 acres and generates 750 MW of energy.

Also read: Climate Change Conference: When did the international environmental conference start? When and where have these conferences taken place?

english summary

India growing Solar Power to reduce coal dependence

Story first published: Friday, November 11, 2022, 17:15 [IST]

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