When Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose met Adolf Hitler, he had understood that Germany would not support him in India’s independence.
Subhash Chandra Bose: ‘You give me blood, I will give you freedom’… Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose had said this blood-boiling slogan to the soldiers of Azad Hind Fauj on September 1944. This was the effect of Subhash Chandra Bose, who inspired the Indian soldiers involved in the British army to rebel for independence. Today we are going to tell you the story which is two years before this slogan. By the way, there are many stories related to Netaji in history. But this story is of 29 May 1942.
Actually, then Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose met Germany’s ruler Adolf Hitler for the first time in his life. German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Wilhelm Keppler and interpreter Paul Schmidt were also present at the meeting with Netaji. By the way, it has been said about Hitler in history that his thinking about India was not very good. Hitler wrote in his book ‘Mein Kampf’ (My Struggle) that “if India falls out of the hands of the British Empire, it will be a matter of great misfortune for the whole world. In comparison, I would like to see the slavery (occupation) of Britain.
Netaji had a fearless conversation with ‘dictator’ Hitler
During the meeting with Hitler, mainly three issues were discussed between them. First, Germany should support India’s independence, but Hitler did not show any special reaction or enthusiasm on this. Second, Subhash Chandra Bose objected to the things Hitler had written about Indians in his book. At the same time, Netaji said that Britain is distorting the things written in his book to bring Indians into its fold and is using it in propaganda against Germany. Bose asked Hitler to give an explanation when the time was right. To which Hitler gave a roundabout answer.
Hitler arranged a submarine for Netaji
Netaji raised the third issue that he should be transported from Germany to East Asia. Hitler immediately agreed to this. At the same time, Hitler had advised Netaji to go by submarine instead of aeroplane, because he could have clashed with the Air Force of the Allied countries (America, Britain and France). For this Hitler arranged a submarine.
Abid Hasan, who traveled with Netaji in that submarine, writes in his book ‘Soldier Remembers’ that on February 9, 1943, we left Germany’s port Kiel in a German submarine. There was a stifling atmosphere inside the submarine and Netaji was given a bunk (a small place for soldiers to sleep or sit) in the middle of the submarine. There was no room to walk in the submarine and the smell of diesel was floating in the whole submarine. Although we were supposed to spend one and a half months in this, but the journey took three months. Sometimes food had to be eaten while lying down.
Netaji spent many days eating khichdi
According to Subhash Chandra Bose’s niece Krishna Bose’s book ‘Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose: Life, Politics and Struggle’, the rations on the submarine were thick bread, tough meat, vegetables packed in tin cans, which looked and tasted like rubber. Was. Abid notices that Netaji is not eating food. Then Abid reached the submarine’s storeroom and saw a bag of rice and pulses. From it, he made Khichdi and fed it to Netaji, which he liked very much, but Netaji also fed Khichdi to the German marines. Abid was afraid that if everyone started eating khichdi, they would soon run out of rice and dal. But he could not say anything to Netaji.
Krishna Bose writes that during the day the submarine would move under sea water. In the night she would come over the sea water. The submarine was battery powered, so it had to surface at night to charge the battery. As soon as it was about to dawn, the submarine would go under water again. When the submarine surfaced at night, Netaji and Abid Hasan used to come on the deck of the submarine and spread their legs as there was no space to walk or sit freely in the submarine. During this, Netaji had told Abid that what would be his plan regarding Japan? How will he deal with Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo?
Netaji’s submarine sank a British oil tanker
According to Abid Hasan’s book, on April 18, 1943, during the voyage, our submarine sank an 8000-ton British oil tanker Corbis with torpedoes. During this time it seemed as if the whole sea was on fire. We could see that some Indian and Malaysian looking people were present in the burning ship. The whites fled in a large lifeboat, leaving the brown-skinned people in the burning ship.
There is another story that once the submarine’s commander Mussenberg saw a British warship from his periscope. During this the British ship attacked the submarine. Then Abid Hasan writes that during this whole tension, I was sweating out of fear, but Netaji kept dictating his speech (about his book and further plans) while sitting quietly. When the danger passed, Captain Mussenberg of the submarine assembled the crew and said that we should learn from the Indian guest how to keep ourselves calm in times of danger.
When Netaji reached Japan
Saugata Bose writes in his book ‘His Majesty’s Opponent’ that on the morning of April 28, 1943, Netaji and Abid Hasan were taken down from the U-180 submarine and put in a rubber boat in the sea area of Madagascar i.e. Indian Ocean. That boat took them to the Japanese submarine I-29. German marines had taken care of Netaji and his companions throughout the journey but after boarding the Japanese submarine, Bose and Abid felt as if they had reached home. Abid Hassan writes in his book that the Japanese submarine was bigger than the German submarine and its commander Masao Tarooka even vacated his cabin for Netaji. There was no dearth of Indian food. On the other hand, the commander of the German soldier used to fight with any ship or submarine, whereas if the commander of the Japanese submarine saw the enemy’s vessel, he would not attack or engage it quickly.
German language was easy to understand for Netaji and Abid but Japanese language remained a headache for both. Then on 13 May 1943, the Japanese submarine I-29 reached Sabang near the northern coast of Sumatra. Where Subhash Chandra Bose posed for photographs with all the members on the request of the submariners. It was written on it that traveling on this submarine was a pleasant experience. This visit will prove to be a milestone in our fight for victory and peace. After that Netaji rested there for two days and reached Tokyo in a Japanese war plane. Where Netaji was accommodated in the most famous Imperial Hotel in front of the Rajmahal. In this way, Netaji reached Japan from Germany after traveling for about three months.
Also read: Subhash Chandra Bose: ‘Netaji’ of the whole of India beyond caste, class, sect
Subhash Chandra Bose story of Netaji reached Japan from Germany hiding in a submarine
Story first published: Monday, January 23, 2023, 14:16 [IST]