Why is buying an electric car a headache in India? – न्यूज़लीड India

Why is buying an electric car a headache in India?



By BBC News Hindi

Updated: Friday, November 25, 2022, 19:04 [IST]

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Is it the right time to buy an electric vehicle in India?

These days this question comes in the mind of every person who is planning to buy a new vehicle. Some people advise them that the time to come is only for electric vehicles, so invest money in the same.

So on the other hand, some people suggest that the country is not yet ready for the electric vehicle and many difficulties will have to be faced in buying it.

Before finding the answer to the question asked above, let us have a look at some statistics.

According to the figures given by the government, there are currently more than 13 lakh electric vehicles in use in India.

Minister of State for Heavy Industries, Krishan Pal Gurjar had told in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha that by August 3, 2022, three-wheelers i.e. e-rickshaws are the largest number of electric vehicles in India, whose number is around 8 lakhs.

After that comes the number of two-wheelers, which are above five lakh, and then come the four-wheelers, which are being used in a little more than 50 thousand numbers.

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In the financial year 2021-22, the sale of electric vehicles in the country has increased three times as compared to the previous financial year.

The government has also reduced the GST on electric vehicles from 12 percent to 5 percent.

This is the matter of the figures related to electric vehicles in India. Let us now talk about the problems and challenges that India is facing regarding electric vehicles.

electric vehicle price

Electric vehicles cost more than petrol or diesel vehicles.

Even though the government is giving different types of concessions on these, but still they are available at a higher price as compared to petrol-diesel vehicles.

For example, the price of petrol and diesel variants of Tata’s Nexon vehicle in Delhi starts from seven and a half lakhs and reaches 15 lakhs.

On the other hand, the price of Nexon’s electric vehicle starts from 15.5 lakhs in Delhi and reaches up to 18 lakhs.

Tata Motors Nexon electric car

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Tata Motors Nexon electric car

battery life

Lithium ion batteries are used in electric vehicles. These batteries last only for 6 to 7 years. After this they have to be changed.

The short life of the batteries creates doubt in the mind of the buyers. Actually the cost of a battery is equal to three-fourth of the amount of an electric vehicle.

Although the government had approved the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme last year.

This scheme was brought for the manufacture of Advanced Chemistry Cell (ACC) in the country, so that the cost of batteries can be reduced.

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lack of charging stations

There is a huge shortage of charging stations for electric vehicles in India.

The way we see petrol pumps on every highway or road, charging stations are found in very few places as compared to that.

According to the Government of India, 1740 public charging stations are currently running across the country.

Many times it is suggested that the facility of charging electric vehicles should be provided at the petrol pump itself.

But a big challenge in this is that it takes 1-5 hours to charge electric vehicles. So charging an EV may not be as fast as charging a vehicle with petrol, diesel or CNG.

Apart from this, there are different challenges in charging the battery of EV at home.

Generally, people charge the battery of two-wheelers or e-rickshaws at home.

But it takes a long time, as in order to keep the car ready in the morning, it is put on charge at night.

range problem of electric vehicles

Along with the lack of charging stations, fear also arises in the minds of the drivers regarding the range of the vehicles.

Drivers who drive long distances often seem to be bothered by the low range of electric vehicles.

According to the Bureau of Energy Efficiency, the range of two-wheeler electric vehicles has been given as 84 kilometers per charge.

At the same time, the average range of four-wheeler electric vehicles has been told as 150-200 kilometers per charge.

The government says that this problem is being solved after installing better batteries and more charging stations.

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The Challenge of Different Charging Ports

Every company provides its own separate charging port in electric vehicles. Due to this, there is a big problem in making universal charging system for electric vehicles.

Still no single standard has been set for the charging port in the EV market of India.

This problem is most visible in two-wheeler electric vehicles. Where different types of batteries and their different charging ports are available in the market.

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charging station

temperature in india

Weather and temperature also play a big role in the performance of the vehicles.

If we talk about EV, then temperature becomes a bigger factor here.

Generally, the average temperature range of 15-40 degree Celsius is considered for better performance of an electric vehicle.

But in India, where the temperature falls very low in the hilly areas, the temperature remains very high in the western region.

In such a situation, one type of electric vehicles cannot work for the whole country.

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what is the solution

Looking at the increasing pollution and rising oil prices, it is certain that the coming time is for electric vehicles only.

The government is also giving subsidy on electric vehicles.

Apart from this, the number of charging stations for electric vehicles should be increased further. Also, facility should be made available to leave the vehicle at the charging station for a few hours.

A better alternative to this can be the facility of battery swap, in which the dead battery is replaced immediately with a full battery with the same warranty.

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